Oil in the oceans, a study reveals a shocking truth

A study of oil spills in the oceans has revealed a shocking truth that leaves everyone speechless. All the details.

Ocean (Picture Pixabay.com)

Oil spills are among the greatest threats to the oceans. The most important are reported by the media. If they are small in scale, they often end up not making the news.

It is not easy to observe them permanently, given the vastness of the oceans. However, spills represent a very significant danger for the seas and their ecosystem.

In fact, oil stains are made up of hydrocarbons that come together in a kind of extremely thin layers.

Identifying them is really complicated, even through the use of satellites. Oil stains are traversed by light and therefore are not a specific color.

Oil in the oceans, the results of a search

In the sea, on the other hand, the reflection of light on the water and the waves are flatter and more homogeneous.

Ocean (Picture Pixabay.com)

Experts used the latter solution and algorithms to find oil spots in more than half a million radar images recorded using European Space Agency satellites.

The research was recently published in the scientific journal Science. Experts have found oil stains on eighty percent of the seas. It is an area three and a half times larger than our country.

These spills are found in particular in the Java Sea, the Mediterranean Sea and the South China Sea.

Added together, the traces present in these areas translate into almost a third of all the oil found by the satellites of the European Space Agency:

The greatest concentration of oil spots, on the other hand, is found on the Caspian Sea, between Iran and Kazakhstan. In this area, twenty percent of the sea is covered with traces of oil. In the rest of the seas, on the other hand, there is an average of four percent.

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Most of the oil discharged into the seas comes from ships. These are therefore not very large spills, but continuous.

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