Immortal jellyfish, what is it? By whom were they discovered? What is its life cycle? We answer questions together. The details.
Turritopsis nutricula, immortal jellyfish (Photo from Instagram)
Its scientific name is Turritopsis nutricula but it is commonly called the immortal jellyfish. Its peculiarity is that it is able to return to its colonial state after reaching full maturity. Let’s find out how this is possible.
This animal species was discovered thanks to the research of the University of Lecce and – as mentioned before – has a particular power, namely that of reversing the biological cycle and therefore it is for this reason that it is defined as immortal. by the scientific community.
Turritopsis nutricula, known as the immortal jellyfish. What is it about? Why do they have this name? The details
As explained above, turritopsis nutricula compared to other animal species is able to return to its initial phase, after reaching maturity. It is mainly found in the Pacific, but has spread rapidly around the world.
Turritopsis nutricula (Photo from Instagram)
Let’s find out more about its structure: it has a bell shape that has a very small size, that is, 4 or 5 millimeters. This bell is characterized by a kind of very fine jelly and affects the typical bright red color of its cavities.
What makes him immortal then? As mentioned earlier, this particular animal is capable of having a double life cycle. During the first part of its life, the immortal jellyfish looks like a small octopus with tentacles useful for hunting.
In a second moment, what is called a double cycle, the jellyfish does not die, quite the contrary. It takes refuge on the seabed to return to its initial stage, namely that of the octopus. This change is due to his cells being able to transform again.
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According to scientists, this particular phenomenon is called transdifferentiation and is unique to the juvenile phase of the immortal jellyfish.